Diagnostic Tests for Dogs and Cats


Have you ever wondered about the diagnostic testing your veterinarian suggests as option(s) for your pet’s care?  It wasn’t always this way, but the science of veterinary medicine continues to develop diagnostic tests which yield precise insight, even when ruling OUT a disease or condition.

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Test uses blood or swabs to diagnose many diseases and can be used to determine exactly what kind of infection is present. PCR testing can also detect and diagnose early signs of malignant diseases, hereditary diseases, and infectious diseases. Whether your veterinarian is looking for tick-borne diseases like Lyme and Ehrlichia, other bacterial diseases like Leptospirosis in dogs and Mycoplasma (Hemobartonella) in cats, fungal diseases like Cryptococcus and Coccidiodes, or viruses like feline leukemia or canine distemper PCR aids in diagnosis.  This test has been revolutionary in pet and animal care due to the sensitivity, specificity and speed with which pathogens and mutations are identified by PCR enable diagnostic, research, and monitoring possibilities unavailable using other techniques.

Canine (rtPCR) Respiratory Disease Panel can detect pathogens commonly attributed to respiratory disease in canines; includes bordetella bronchiseptica, canine adenovirus 2, canine distemper virus, canine herpesvirus 1, canine influenza virus (subtypes H3N8 and H3N2), canine respiratory coronavirus, and canine parainfluenza virus, all by real time PCR.

Another exciting diagnostic test:
Liquid Biopsy for Canine Histiocytic Sarcoma and Lymphoma is a blood test looking for tumor cells.  Histiocytic sarcoma is an aggressive cancer in dogs. It can be localized or spread through multiple organ systems.  Bernese Mountain Dogs and Flat-Coated Retrievers are breeds at increased risk. Read more.

At Animal Hospital of Walnut we understand our clients want to know available options in diagnostic tests and treatment for their pets.  We encourage our pet owners to ask questions.  Give us a call 909-594-1737!